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The Emergency Medical Services for Children (EMSC) program supports improvements in the quality of pediatric medical care to reduce childhood morbidity and mortality resulting from severe illness or trauma. This federal initiative evolved out of a growing recognition that children have unique needs in emergency situations, which often vary from those of adults due to physiological, developmental, and psychological differences. The program is federally-funded to expand and improve emergency medical services for children in each state.
Since its establishment in 1984, the EMSC has improved the availability of child-appropriate equipment in ambulances and emergency departments. Through grants to states and territories, it supports hundreds of programs to prevent injuries and provides thousands of hours of training to Emergency Medical Technicians (EMT’s), Paramedics, and other emergency medical care providers.
Support for the EMSC program led to legislation mandating EMSC programs in several states and the development of educational materials to cover every aspect of pediatric emergency care.
Children’s National Medical Center is an ideal location for the District of Columbia EMSC program due to the expertise and data that rests within the emergency department and local response system. Proximity to policy makers, related advocacy groups and national organizations are added benefits. EMSC has an ongoing relationship with the DC Department of Health. This partnership successfully revised the pre-hospital pediatric protocols to reflect a state-of-the-art standard of care adapted to the needs of the nation’s capital. The DC EMSC program facilitates direct and indirect pediatric medical oversight for pre-hospital care through updated protocols and education courses such as PALS (Pediatric Advance Life Support).
The District of Columbia’s current EMSC grant, “Operational Capacity, Training Maintenance, and EMSC Permanence in the District of Columbia” aims to:
The program developed a Special Children's Outreach and Pre-hospital Education (SCOPE) curriculum, which educates pre-hospital medical providers on tools, techniques, and orientation to the special needs of medically complicated children. The EMS Outreach program is in the process of updating its registry. This will enhance the linkage of the medical information of children with special healthcare needs (CSHCN) with local EMS providers to ensure that their needs are better met in the context of a medical emergency.
The EMSC National Resource Center (NRC) was established in 1991 to help improve the pediatric emergency care infrastructure throughout the United States and its territories.
The EMSC- NRC web site houses more than 100 free downloadable publications on pediatric emergency medical care. Publications of interest include: